Examination of Random Number Generator output during non-contact Healing and Macro Psychokinesis
Shimizu, T. & Kokubo, H.
Using expert healers as participants, recent experiments by Kokubo et al. (2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013) reported that non-contact healers exhibited good healing effects using pieces of plants as biosensors. Notably their effects were measured by gas or fluorescence emissions from pieces of cucumber, showing a distribution of bio-psychokinetic (PK) effects, not only for the nearest target in front of the participant, but also other targets set within around a few meters around the participant. These results showed high reproducibility. If these kinds of healing energy are distributed around healers without their awareness, we can consider that biosensors and Random Number Generators can be used as detectors of these anomalistic phenomena; as sensors of field consciousness.
A Random Number Generator (RNG) is an instrument that produces bit sequences (0 or 1) at high speed through physical means. Many previous studies for PK or field consciousness have reported that these RNG outputs become statistically biased under certain circumstances. In case of typical PK experiments, one of the most important factors is the intent of the participant, whereas field RNG studies have demonstrated statistical biases in the absence of anyone who might intend to influence the output of the RNG or in the presence of subjects who are unaware or have no knowledge about the presence of the RNG. In any case, these kinds of anomalies can be interpreted as the consequence of micro PK.
The purpose of the current study was to examine possibility that RNG outputs would be affected by experimental PK tasks. To this end, we employed two PK tasks. The first was the bio-PK task designed by Kokubo et al., in which participants would try to heal cucumber pieces. The other involved a varying weight task using metal nails. While the participants’ attention would be focused on the targets (sensor) alone, we hypothesized that the output of the RNG, which were not known to be located near the participant, would be influenced by a certain state of consciousness if the energy affected space entropy without specific intent.
Results found no biases in the RNG outputs during the PK tasks. Unfortunately, the findings did not support our hypothesis. Although the current analysis focused on the value of the end event, it may be easier to observe bias if we focus on all the processes of the SS transition for each period. The results were different between healers. An RNG outputs showed an increase of variance over all periods in the nail-weight increasing task, whereas another results of the weight decrease task showed small variances over all intervals. Since this was a pilot study, the sample size was not sufficient. When we consider that the wavelet was not able to detect any difference, the current results suggest that anomalies of RNG are not merely physical signals, but need to be explained by other frameworks.